Products for USB Sensing and Control

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Dual Relay Board

ID: 3051_1

This board has 2 SPDT mechanical relays rated at 210W for DC or 1750VA for AC.

$19.00 Quantity Available: 1000+ Qty Price 5$18.05
10 $17.10 25$15.20
50 $13.30 100$12.35

The Dual Relay Board allows you to control larger loads and devices like AC or DC motors, electromagnets, solenoids, and incandescent light bulbs.

Note: This board is not suitable for switching signals. It takes at least 100mA of current to bridge the oxide layer that forms on the relay contacts, and most signals will not meet this requirement. If you need to switch signals, check out the 1017 - PhidgetInterfaceKit 0/0/8.

Product Specifications

Physical Properties
Switch Type SPDT
Switching Speed Max 20 cpm
Recommended Wire Size (Control) 16 - 26 AWG
Recommended Wire Size (Load) 12 - 24 AWG
Operating Temperature Min 0 °C
Operating Temperature Max 70 °C
Board
Controlled By Digital Output (5V)
Current Consumption Min 14 mA
Current Consumption Max 180 mA
Supply Voltage Min 3.3 V DC
Supply Voltage Max 12 V DC
Electrical Properties
Dielectric Strength 1.5 kV AC
Contact Resistance Max 100 mΩ
Load Voltage Max (DC) * 30 V DC
Load Voltage Max (AC) 277 V AC
Load Current Min 100 mA
Load Current Max (DC) 7 A
Load Current Max (AC) 12 A
Turn-on Time Max 10 ms
Turn-off Time Max 10 ms

*Note: Switching this relay at voltages higher than 30V will result in a reduced product lifespan.

Please Note: This relay cannot be switched at its maximum AC voltage and current at the same time. Ensure that total power of the load does not exceed the switching power for the relay. For example, you can switch this relay at 277V AC and 6.3A (1750VA), or at 145V AC and 12A (1750VA), but not at 277V and 12A (3324VA).

Estimated Relay Lifespan

The lifespan of the relays on this Phidget vary depending on how much current you're switching and whether it's AC or DC. The following graph illustrates the relationship between load current and relay lifespan:

The vertical axis is the lifespan of the relay (number of actuations) and the horizontal axis is load current in amps. As you can see, increasing load current from 5A to 10A can reduce relay life by more than half.

Product History

Date Board Revision Device Version Comment
October 2007 0N/A Product Release
September 20081N/ABigger connectors, Bigger board

Getting Started

Welcome to the 3051 user guide! In order to get started, make sure you have the following hardware on hand:

Next, you will need to connect the pieces:

1. Connect the circuit to the terminals of the 3051. Connect one end of the series circuit to the 1C (common) terminal, and the other to either the NO or NC terminal, depending on what state you want the circuit to start in.
2. Connect the Phidget cable to the black connector on the 3051, and connect the other end to the analog input of the 1018. If you're using a non-Phidgets device, cut a Phidget cable in half, connect the red wire to a 5V supply, and the black wire to the ground. The white wire is not used.
3. Connect the control 1 terminal on the relay to the digital output on the 1018 using a piece of hook-up wire.
4. Connect the 1018 to the computer using the USB cable.

Now that you have everything together, let's start using the 3051!

Using the 3051

Phidget Control Panel

In order to demonstrate the functionality of the 3051, we will connect it to the 1018, and then run an example using the Phidget Control Panel on a Windows machine.

The Phidget Control Panel is available for use on both macOS and Windows machines. If you would like to follow along, first take a look at the getting started guide for your operating system:

Linux users can follow the getting started with Linux guide and continue reading here for more information about the 3051.

First Look

After plugging in the 3051 into the 1018, and the 1018 into your computer, open the Phidget Control Panel. You will see something like this:

The Phidget Control Panel will list all connected Phidgets and associated objects, as well as the following information:

• Serial number: allows you to differentiate between similar Phidgets.
• Channel: allows you to differentiate between similar objects on a Phidget.
• Version number: corresponds to the firmware version your Phidget is running. If your Phidget is listed in red, your firmware is out of date. Update the firmware by double-clicking the entry.

The Phidget Control Panel can also be used to test your device. Double-clicking on an object will open an example.

Digital Output

Double-click on a Digital Output object in order to run the example:

General information about the selected object will be displayed at the top of the window. You can also experiment with the following functionality:

• Toggle the state of the digital output by pressing the button. This will change the relay state.

Technical Details

General

A relay is an electrically-controlled switch. Although many types of electrical switches exist, a relay's mechanical nature gives it the advantage of reliability and current-switching capacity. The main disadvantage to using mechanical relays is their limited life-span, as opposed to solid state relays who do not suffer from this drawback. For more information on mechanical relays refer to the Mechanical Relay Primer

Using a Digital Output Relay

Relays have a connection scheme determined by the arrangement of contacts within the relay. Because relays are a type of switch, they are defined in the same way other electromechanical switches are defined. In switch schemes, the number of poles represents the number of common terminals a switch has, and the number of throws represents the number of switchable terminals that exist for each pole. The relays used in the Dual Relay Board are SPDT relays: single pole, double throw. The internal construction of this type of relay is depicted in the diagram to the right. Many other types of relays exist: SPST, DPDT, and DPST, to name a few. In an SPDT relay, one of the throw terminals is labelled Normally Closed (NC), and the other is labelled Normally Open (NO). As the name indicates, the normally closed terminal is the terminal connected to common when the relay coil is not powered. When the relay coil is energized by the relay control circuit, the electromagnetic field of the coil forces the switch element inside the relay to break its contact with the normally closed terminal and make contact with the normally open terminal. The switch element would then connect the normally open terminal and the common terminal.

Using Relays as an H-Bridge to implement Forward/Reverse

Connect the load to the COM terminals, in this case the wires of a DC motor. The Normally Open (NO) terminals are connected to the power supply (VCC), and the Normally Closed (NC) terminals are connected to the ground (GND) of the power supply. Connect the Control pins to a digital output. You can toggle the corresponding output to switch the relays. Looking at the diagram, when LeftCtrl is enabled and RightCtrl is disabled, the current will flow from the NO terminal of relay K1 through the motor and into the NC terminal of relay K2. This will cause the motor to rotate in one direction. Similarily, if LeftCtrl is disabled and RightCtrl is enabled, the current will flow from the NO terminal of relay K2 through the motor and into the NC terminal of relay K1. This will cause the motor to rotate in the opposite direction. When both LeftCtrl and RightCtrl are disabled, both ends of the motor will be shorted to ground and no current will flow. When both leftCtrl and RightCtrl are enabled, both ends of the motor will be shorted to VCC and again, no current will flow.

Wetting Current

When a relay is in one switch position for a period of time, oxidation of the open contact(s) can occur. Depending upon the internal coating material of the contacts, oxide films of varying density will be displaced upon the surface of open contacts; this film acts as an insulator to current flow. When the relay is switched, a certain amount of current flowing through the contacts, known as the wetting current, is required to remove the film of oxides and ensure proper conduction. Because of this requirement, these relays are not reliable for signal switching. See the device specification on page 10 for detailed requirements.

Load Noise

If highly inductive loads are used with the Dual Relay Board, it is recommended that a noise limiting component be used to prevent damage to the device. An MOV, TVS diode, or kickback diode (for DC applications) shunted across the load will assist in dissipating voltage transients.

Phidget Cable

The Phidget Cable is a 3-pin, 0.100 inch pitch locking connector. Pictured here is a plug with the connections labelled. The connectors are commonly available - refer to the Analog Input Primer for manufacturer part numbers.

What to do Next

• Software Overview - Find your preferred programming language here to learn how to write your own code with Phidgets!
• General Phidget Programming - Read this general guide to the various aspects of programming with Phidgets. Learn how to log data into a spreadsheet, use Phidgets over the network, and much more.
• Phidget22 API - The API is a universal library of all functions and definitions for programming with Phidgets. Just select your language and device and it'll give you a complete list of all properties, methods, events, and enumerations that are at your disposal.

Enclosures

You can protect your board from dust and debris by purchasing an enclosure. An enclosure will also prevent unintentional shorts caused by objects touching the pins on the bottom of the board or any terminal screws.

Product Physical Properties
Image Part Number Price Material
3820_2 $8.00 Clear Acrylic InterfaceKits and Hubs This board requires an analog or VINT port for power and a pair of digital outputs to trigger the relays. Below is a list of Phidgets that have both of these features: Product Voltage Inputs Digital Outputs Image Part Number Price Number of Voltage Inputs Number of Digital Outputs 1010_0$80.00 8 8
1011_0 $50.00 2 2 1019_1B$110.00 8 8
1073_0 $140.00 8 8 1203_2B$120.00 8 8
HUB0000_0 $30.00 6 (Shared) 6 (Shared) Phidget Cables This board comes with its own Phidget cable to connect it to an InterfaceKit or Hub, but if you need extras we have a full list down below. You can solder multiple cables together in order to make even longer Phidget cables, but you should be aware of the effects of having long wires in your system. Product Physical Properties Image Part Number Price Cable Length 3002_0$2.00 600 mm
3003_0 $1.50 100 mm 3004_0$3.00 3.5 m
3034_0 $1.50 150 mm 3038_0$2.25 1.2 m
3039_0 $2.75 1.8 m Have a look at our relay boards: Product Electrical Properties Image Part Number Price Load Current Max (AC) Load Voltage Max (AC) Load Current Max (DC) Load Voltage Max (DC) 1012_2B$95.00
1014_2B $55.00 12 A 277 V AC 7 A * 30 V DC 1017_1B$85.00 2 A 250 V AC 2 A * 120 V DC
3051_1 $19.00 12 A 277 V AC 7 A * 30 V DC 3052_1$15.00 2.5 A 28 V AC 2.5 A 40 V DC
3053_0 $30.00 (per channel) 9 A 28 V AC (per channel) 9 A 40 V DC 3054_0$10.00 500 mA 28 V AC 500 mA 40 V DC
REL1000_0 $30.00 12 A 277 V AC 7 A * 30 V DC REL1100_0$25.00 8 A 30 V DC
REL1101_0 $50.00 8 A 30 V DC REL2001_0$10.00 12 A 277 V AC 7 A * 30 V DC
REL2002_0 \$12.00 2 A 240 V AC 2 A 120 V DC