Products for USB Sensing and Control

Products for USB Sensing and Control

PhidgetInterfaceKit 0/0/4

ID: 1014_1
This board has 4 SPDT mechanical relays rated at 250VAC/10amp or 100VDC/5amp.

Replaced by 1014_2B

Replaced by the 1014 - PhidgetInterfaceKit 0/0/4.

The PhidgetInterfaceKit 0/0/4 Provides a convenient way to interface your PC with various higher-voltage devices such as incandescent bulbs, high-power relays, and motors

The 1014 contains 4 Relay Outputs for switching AC or DC power; the relays are Single Pole Double Throw (SPDT).


Comes packaged with:

Characteristic Value
Type of Relay Single Pole Double Throw (SPDT)
Contact Resistance (max) 120mohms
 
Minimum switching Current (Wetting Current) 100mA @ 5VDC
Maximum DC Switching Voltage 100 VDC
Maximum DC Switching Current 5 A
Maximum AC Switching Voltage 250 VAC
Maximum AC Switching Current 10 A
 
Operate Time 10 ms
Switching Speed (Contacts per minute)20 cpm
 
Recommended Terminal Wire Size 12 - 24 AWG
Terminal Wire Strip Length 5 - 6mm (0.196" - 0.236")
 
Device Quiescent Current Consumption 14mA
Device Active Current Consumption 300mA max
 
Operating Temperature 0 - 70°C

Software Objects

Mechanical Relays DigitalOutput 0 - 3

Note: All relay contacts will slowly oxidize over time, depending on their construction. When the relay is switched, a certain amount of electricity is required to break through the oxide layer. The relays on the 0/0/4 have a minimum switching current of 100mA @ 5VDC, and therefore are not suitable for switching signals.

Related Products

If you are looking for a product to do signal switching see the 1017 - PhidgetInterfaceKit 0/0/8.

If you already have a 1018 – PhidgetInterfaceKit 8/8/8 you might want to have a look at the 3051 – Dual Relay Board and save yourself some money.

Documents

Product History

Date Board Revision Device Version Comment
August 2002 0700Product Release
January 20040704Added State Echoing
January 20060705
July 2007 0706
May 2008 1707Terminal Blocks now accept 12-24 AWG wire, PCB increased to accommodate larger connectors.
March 2010 2707Switched to Mini-USB connector

Getting Started

Welcome to the 1014 user guide! In order to get started, make sure you have the following hardware on hand:

  • 1014 Phidget InterfaceKit 1014 Phidget InterfaceKit
  • USB cable and computer
  • something to use with the 1014 (e.g. power supply and load)


Next, you will need to connect the pieces:

1014 2 Connecting The Hardware.jpg
  1. Connect the load and power supply in series.
  2. Connect one end to the 0C (Common) terminal, and the other to the NO (Normally open) terminal.
  3. Connect the 1014 to your computer using the USB cable.


Now that you have everything together, let's start using the 1014!

Using the 1014

Phidget Control Panel

In order to demonstrate the functionality of the 1014, the Phidget Control Panel running on a Windows machine will be used.


The Phidget Control Panel is available for use on both macOS and Windows machines. If you would like to follow along, first take a look at the getting started guide for your operating system:


Linux users can follow the getting started with Linux guide and continue reading here for more information about the 1014.

First Look

After plugging the 1014 into your computer and opening the Phidget Control Panel, you will see something like this:

1014 Panel.jpg


The Phidget Control Panel will list all connected Phidgets and associated objects, as well as the following information:

  • Serial number: allows you to differentiate between similar Phidgets.
  • Channel: allows you to differentiate between similar objects on a Phidget.
  • Version number: corresponds to the firmware version your Phidget is running. If your Phidget is listed in red, your firmware is out of date. Update the firmware by double-clicking the entry.


The Phidget Control Panel can also be used to test your device. Double-clicking on an object will open an example.

Relay Output

Double-click on a Digital Output object labelled Power Relay in order to run the example:

1014 RelayOutput Example.jpg


General information about the selected object will be displayed at the top of the window. You can also experiment with the following functionality:

  • Toggle the state of the relay by pressing the button.


Technical Details

Relays

A relay is an electrically-controlled switch. Although many types of electrical switches exist, a relay’s mechanical nature gives it the advantage of reliability and current-switching capacity. The main disadvantage to using mechanical relays is their limited life-span, as opposed to solid state relays who do not suffer from this drawback. For more information, check the Mechanical Relay Primer and the Solid State Relay Primer.

Using a Digital Output Relay

1014 2 Relay Diagram.jpg

Relays have a connection scheme determined by the arrangement of contacts within the relay. Because relays are a type of switch, they are defined in the same way other electromechanical switches are defined.

In switch schemes, the number of poles represents the number of common terminals a switch has, and the number of throws represents the number of switchable terminals that exist for each pole. The relays used in the InterfaceKit 0/0/4 are SPDT relays: single pole, double throw. The internal construction of this type of relay is depicted in the diagram above. Many other types of relays exist: SPST, DPDT, and DPST, to name a few.

In an SPDT relay, one of the throw terminals is labelled normally closed (NC), and the other is labelled normally open (NO). As the name indicates, the normally closed terminal is the terminal connected to common when the relay coil is not powered. When the relay coil is energized by the relay control circuit, the electromagnetic field of the coil forces the switch element inside the relay to break its contact with the normally closed terminal and make contact with the normally open terminal. The switch element would then connect the normally open terminal and the common terminal.

Using Relays as an H-Bridge for Motor Forward/Reverse

1014 1 Bridge Diagram.jpg

Connect the load (typically a DC Motor) to the COM terminals of the relay. The normally open (NO) terminals are connected to the power supply (VCC), and the normally closed (NC) terminals are connected to the ground (GND) of the power supply. You can toggle the corresponding output to switch the relays.

Looking at the diagram, when LeftCtrl is enabled and RightCtrl is disabled, the current will flow from the NO terminal of relay K1 through the motor and into the NC terminal of relay K2. This will cause the motor to rotate in one direction.

Similarily, if LeftCtrl is disabled and RightCtrl is enabled, the current will flow from the NO terminal of relay K2 through the motor and into the NC terminal of relay K1. This will cause the motor to rotate in the opposite direction.

When both LeftCtrl and RightCtrl are disabled, both ends of the motor will be shorted to ground and no current will flow. When both leftCtrl and RightCtrl are enabled, both ends of the motor will be shorted to VCC and again, no current will flow.


Wetting Current

When a relay is in one switch position for a period of time, oxidation of the open contact(s) can occur. Depending upon the internal coating material of the contacts, oxide films of varying density will be displaced upon the surface of open contacts; this film acts as an insulator to current flow. When the relay is switched, a certain amount of current flowing through the contacts, known as the wetting current, is required to remove the film of oxides and ensure proper conduction. Because of this requirement, these relays are not reliable for signal switching. Check the specification table for your relay board to find out the Minimum Load Current or Wetting Current.

Load Noise

If highly inductive loads are used with the InterfaceKit, it is recommended that a noise limiting component be used to prevent damage to the device. An MOV, TVS diode, or kickback diode (for DC applications) shunted across the load will assist in dissipating voltage transients.

What to do Next

  • Software Overview - Find your preferred programming language here to learn how to write your own code with Phidgets!
  • General Phidget Programming - Read this general guide to the various aspects of programming with Phidgets. Learn how to log data into a spreadsheet, use Phidgets over the network, and much more.
  • Phidget22 API - The API is a universal library of all functions and definitions for programming with Phidgets. Just select your language and device and it'll give you a complete list of all properties, methods, events, and enumerations that are at your disposal.

Software Objects

Channel NameAPIChannel
Power Relay DigitalOutput 0 - 3

API


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