Difference between revisions of "DAQ1500 User Guide"

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__NOINDEX__
 
__NOINDEX__
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<metadesc>The Wheatstone Bridge Phidget measures up to 2 load cells or Wheatstone Bridge-based sensors and connects to a VINT port.</metadesc>
 
<metadesc>The Wheatstone Bridge Phidget measures up to 2 load cells or Wheatstone Bridge-based sensors and connects to a VINT port.</metadesc>
 
[[Category:UserGuide]]
 
[[Category:UserGuide]]
==Getting Started==
+
==Part 1: Setup==
 
{{UGIntro|DAQ1500}}
 
{{UGIntro|DAQ1500}}
 
*[{{SERVER}}/products.php?product_id=DAQ1500 DAQ1500 - Wheatstone Bridge Phidget]
 
*[{{SERVER}}/products.php?product_id=DAQ1500 DAQ1500 - Wheatstone Bridge Phidget]
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<br clear="all">
 
<br clear="all">
 
{{UGIntroDone|DAQ1500}}
 
{{UGIntroDone|DAQ1500}}
 
==Using the DAQ1500==
 
 
{{UGcontrolpanel|DAQ1500}}
 
{{UGcontrolpanel|DAQ1500}}
  
{{ugVoltageRatioBridge|DAQ1500}}
 
  
{{ugAddressingInformation}}
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== Part 2: Using Your Phidget ==
  
{{ugUsingYourOwnProgram|DAQ1500}}
+
===About===
 +
The DAQ1500 reads two load cells, strain gauges or Wheatstone Bridge-based sensors. The Phidget reports results as a voltage ratio. To convert from voltage ratio to a quantity like weight or force, see the Calibration Guide in the Advanced Topics section.
  
==Technical Details==
+
===Explore Your Phidget Channels Using the Control Panel===
===Gain-sensitive Specifications===
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{|class = "wikitable" style="text-align: center"
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| style="background:#f0f0f0;"|'''Gain '''
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| style="background:#f0f0f0;"|'''Resolution (nV/V)'''
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| style="background:#f0f0f0;"|'''Noise Floor (nV/V)'''
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| style="background:#f0f0f0;"|'''Output Range (mV/V)'''
+
|-
+
|1x
+
|59.60
+
|5000
+
|±500
+
|-
+
|2x
+
|29.80
+
|2600
+
|±250
+
|-
+
|64x
+
|0.931
+
|133
+
|±7.8125
+
|-
+
|128x
+
|0.466
+
|87
+
|±3.9063
+
|-
+
|}
+
  
===Connecting your Strain Gauge/Load Cell===
+
You can use your Control Panel to explore your Phidget's channels.
Load cells are pressure sensors that can be used with the DAQ1500. For more information, see our [[Load Cell Primer]].
+
  
 +
'''1.''' Open your Control Panel, and you will find the following channels:
  
If no documentation is available for your strain gauge, it’s possible to use a multimeter to determine how to connect it, provided there are no electronics in the sensor. First, measure resistance between the 4 wires.  There are 6 combinations - two combinations will have a resistance 20-40% higher than the other four.  Choose one of these high-resistance combinations, and wire it into 5V and G on the DAQ1500. Connect the other two wires into +/-.  Apply a load, if the V/V responds in the opposite way to your expectations, flip the +/- wires.
+
[[Image:DAQ1500_Panel.jpg|link=|center]]
  
===Measurement Considerations===
+
'''2.''' Double click on a channel to open an example program. Each channel belongs to the '''Voltage Ratio Input''' channel class:
The DAQ1500 is designed to measure voltages as a ratio of the supply voltage - it’s not practical to make measurements of absolute voltages with this product.
+
{{UGC-Start}}
  
 +
{{UGC-Entry|Voltage Ratio Input (Bridge Input):|Read data from a load cell
 +
|
 +
In your Control Panel, double click on "Bridge Input":
 +
[[Image:DAQ1500-VoltageRatio.jpg|800px|center|link=]]}}
  
For maximum accuracy, all wires from the DAQ1500 to the sensor should be the same length and thickness. Changes in temperature will change the resistance of the wires - if they are all the same, the errors will cancel out.
+
{{UGC-End}}
  
 +
{{UG-Part3}}
  
The bridge inputs can be powered down, reducing power consumption with DAQ1500 sensors, and useful for reducing heating of sensors, which can introduce errors.
+
== Part 4: Advanced Topics and Troubleshooting ==
  
===Current Consumption===
+
{{UGC-Start}}
The amount of current consumed by the DAQ1500 varies based on the data interval you select:
+
{{UGC-Entry|Choosing a Gain Value|
[[Image:DAQ1500-current.jpg|link=|800px|center]]
+
|
 
+
The DAQ1500 has the option to change the bridge gain, which improves measurement resolution at the cost of reducing your effective range. We recommend starting at 128x gain and testing your load cell with the maximum load you expect to see in your system. If you get any saturation error events, you should lower the gain and test again. Here are the specifications that vary with gain:
 
+
[[Image:DAQ1500-gain.jpg|center|850px|link=]]
Use the following equation to approximate the relationship between current consumption and data interval (up to a maximum data interval of 60000ms):
+
}}
 
+
{{UGC-Entry|Connecting Your Strain Gauge or Load Cell|
 
+
|
<math>
+
Load cells are pressure sensors that can be used with the DAQ1500. For more information, see our [[Load Cell Primer]].
\text{y} = 787.26x^{-0.972} \!
+
If no documentation is available for your strain gauge, it is possible to use a multimeter to determine how to connect it, provided there are no electronics in the sensor. Measure resistance between the 4 wires. There are 6 wire combinations - two of the wire combinations will have a resistance 20-40% higher than the other four. Select one of the two high-resistance combinations, and wire it into 5V and G on the DAQ1500. Connect the other two wires into +/-. Apply a load, if the V/V responds in the opposite way to your expectations, flip the +/- wires.}}
</math> 
+
{{UGC-Entry|Measurement Considerations|
 
+
|
 
+
The DAQ1500 is designed to measure voltages as a ratio of the supply voltage - it is not practical to make measurements of absolute voltages with this product.
This figure is the no-load current, so to estimate total current consumption, you'll need to measure the current consumption at a known data interval so you can determine the offset, which should be no higher than 50mA.
+
For maximum accuracy, all wires from the DAQ1500 to the sensor should be the same length, thickness, and temperature (as the temperature will change the resistance of the wires).
 
+
The bridge inputs can be powered down, reducing power consumption with DAQ1500 sensors. Powering down the bridge inputs is also useful for preventing the heating of sensors, which can introduce errors. Due to the drift that occurs during self-heating, we recommend you operate your DAQ1500 in one of two ways:
{{UGnext|}}
+
* Allow a 30-minute warm-up after the channel is enabled, before taking constant measurements for an extended period. The drift, due to self-heating of the wires, will eventually stop. Once stable, you can calibrate and measure.
 +
* For occasional measurements, you should enable the channel, immediately take the measurement, and then disable the channel. By doing this, there is so little current moving through the wires that the device does not get a chance to heat up. You can also follow this process when calibrating.}}
 +
{{UGC-Entry|The number I’m getting back from the DAQ1500 is really small|
 +
|
 +
Load cells output a small voltage proportional to the amount of strain they are currently experiencing. The rated output for most load cells at full load is in the order of millivolts, so when you’re only straining the load cell at a fraction of its full load, you will get very small values. In order to convert to meaningful units like grams or newtons, you need to [[Calibrating_Analog_Sensors|calibrate]] the load cell.}}
 +
{{UGC-Entry|Calibration|
 +
|
 +
For an in-depth guide on calibration, see [[Calibrating Analog Sensors]].}}
 +
{{UGC-DataInterval}}
 +
{{UGC-Addressing}}
 +
{{UGC-End}}

Revision as of 18:20, 21 April 2020


Part 1: Setup

Welcome to the DAQ1500 user guide! In order to get started, make sure you have the following hardware on hand:


Next, you will need to connect the pieces:

DAQ1500 Functional.jpeg
  1. Connect the DAQ1500 to the VINT Hub using the Phidget cable.
  2. Connect a load cell or strain gauge to the DAQ1500. See your product's data sheet for connection details.
  3. Connect the VINT Hub to your computer with a USB cable.


Now that you have everything together, let's start using the DAQ1500!

Phidget Control Panel

In order to demonstrate the functionality of the DAQ1500, the Phidget Control Panel running on a Windows machine will be used.


The Phidget Control Panel is available for use on both macOS and Windows machines.

Windows

To open the Phidget Control Panel on Windows, find the Ph.jpg icon in the taskbar. If it is not there, open up the start menu and search for Phidget Control Panel

Windows PhidgetTaskbar.PNG

macOS

To open the Phidget Control Panel on macOS, open Finder and navigate to the Phidget Control Panel in the Applications list. Double click on the Ph.jpg icon to bring up the Phidget Control Panel.


For more information, take a look at the getting started guide for your operating system:


Linux users can follow the getting started with Linux guide and continue reading here for more information about the DAQ1500.

First Look

After plugging the DAQ1500 into your computer and opening the Phidget Control Panel, you will see something like this:

DAQ1500 Panel.jpg


The Phidget Control Panel will list all connected Phidgets and associated objects, as well as the following information:

  • Serial number: allows you to differentiate between similar Phidgets.
  • Channel: allows you to differentiate between similar objects on a Phidget.
  • Version number: corresponds to the firmware version your Phidget is running. If your Phidget is listed in red, your firmware is out of date. Update the firmware by double-clicking the entry.


The Phidget Control Panel can also be used to test your device. Double-clicking on an object will open an example.


Part 2: Using Your Phidget

About

The DAQ1500 reads two load cells, strain gauges or Wheatstone Bridge-based sensors. The Phidget reports results as a voltage ratio. To convert from voltage ratio to a quantity like weight or force, see the Calibration Guide in the Advanced Topics section.

Explore Your Phidget Channels Using the Control Panel

You can use your Control Panel to explore your Phidget's channels.

1. Open your Control Panel, and you will find the following channels:

DAQ1500 Panel.jpg

2. Double click on a channel to open an example program. Each channel belongs to the Voltage Ratio Input channel class:

Expand All
Voltage Ratio Input (Bridge Input):Read data from a load cell

In your Control Panel, double click on "Bridge Input":

DAQ1500-VoltageRatio.jpg

Part 3: Create your Program

1. Setting up your Programming Environment

2. Phidget Programming Basics

Part 4: Advanced Topics and Troubleshooting

Expand All
Choosing a Gain Value

The DAQ1500 has the option to change the bridge gain, which improves measurement resolution at the cost of reducing your effective range. We recommend starting at 128x gain and testing your load cell with the maximum load you expect to see in your system. If you get any saturation error events, you should lower the gain and test again. Here are the specifications that vary with gain:

DAQ1500-gain.jpg
Connecting Your Strain Gauge or Load Cell

Load cells are pressure sensors that can be used with the DAQ1500. For more information, see our Load Cell Primer. If no documentation is available for your strain gauge, it is possible to use a multimeter to determine how to connect it, provided there are no electronics in the sensor. Measure resistance between the 4 wires. There are 6 wire combinations - two of the wire combinations will have a resistance 20-40% higher than the other four. Select one of the two high-resistance combinations, and wire it into 5V and G on the DAQ1500. Connect the other two wires into +/-. Apply a load, if the V/V responds in the opposite way to your expectations, flip the +/- wires.

Measurement Considerations

The DAQ1500 is designed to measure voltages as a ratio of the supply voltage - it is not practical to make measurements of absolute voltages with this product. For maximum accuracy, all wires from the DAQ1500 to the sensor should be the same length, thickness, and temperature (as the temperature will change the resistance of the wires). The bridge inputs can be powered down, reducing power consumption with DAQ1500 sensors. Powering down the bridge inputs is also useful for preventing the heating of sensors, which can introduce errors. Due to the drift that occurs during self-heating, we recommend you operate your DAQ1500 in one of two ways:

  • Allow a 30-minute warm-up after the channel is enabled, before taking constant measurements for an extended period. The drift, due to self-heating of the wires, will eventually stop. Once stable, you can calibrate and measure.
  • For occasional measurements, you should enable the channel, immediately take the measurement, and then disable the channel. By doing this, there is so little current moving through the wires that the device does not get a chance to heat up. You can also follow this process when calibrating.
The number I’m getting back from the DAQ1500 is really small

Load cells output a small voltage proportional to the amount of strain they are currently experiencing. The rated output for most load cells at full load is in the order of millivolts, so when you’re only straining the load cell at a fraction of its full load, you will get very small values. In order to convert to meaningful units like grams or newtons, you need to calibrate the load cell.

Calibration

For an in-depth guide on calibration, see Calibrating Analog Sensors.

Setting the Change Trigger and Data Interval

The Change Trigger is the minimum change in the sensor data needed to trigger a new data event. The Data Interval is the time (in ms) between data events sent out from your Phidget. You can modify one or both of these values to achieve different data outputs. You can learn more about these two properties here.

How do I know what channel, serial number, or hub port to use in my program?

Before you open a Phidget channel in your program, you can set these properties to specify which channel to open. You can find this information through the Control Panel.

1. Open the Control Panel and double-click on the red map pin icon:

The locate Phidget button is found in the device information box

2. The Addressing Information window will open. Here you will find all the information you need to address your Phidget in your program.

All the information you need to address your Phidget


See the Phidget22 API for your language to determine exact syntax for each property.