Notice: This page contains information for the legacy Phidget21 Library. Phidget21 does not support VINT Phidgets, and will not support any new Phidgets. Phidget21 will be maintained until 2020. We recommend that new projects be developed against the Phidget22 Library.
USB Webcam Primer
Webcams come in many forms, but the USB ones usually come as UVC (USB Video Class) devices. This primer gives a very brief overview of what they are and how to use them.
The advantage of UVC devices is their cross-platform compatibility, especially within the various flavours of Linux.
- Wikpedia gives a good overview of their levels of compatibility
- Many devices other than the Phidget webcam use the same protocol, please refer to a compatibility list
A UVC device should be truly plug and play. Even on the Phidget Single Board Computer, the drivers are already installed. You can almost immediately begin using video capture programs on your operating system to record video or pictures.
- Capture from Windows media players and creators
- Use iMovie on Mac OS X
- Use Cheese on Linux (
sudo apt-get install cheese)
However, these programs are usually graphical programs which don't help if you want to use the webcam in code.
Regardless of your platform, a good place to start is OpenCV. It is a library for C/C++ that focuses solely on processing images and video. It also has bindings to other languages like Python.
We also offer a programming example in C# to use the webcam:
Additional advice by operating system is below.
Any UVC webcam device should work interchangeably with any other UVC webcam device, So you don't have to use the Phidget one, you can find one that fits your needs.
On our Single Board Computer (SBC) page, we give an example of how to use a UVC webcam to take pictures using the SBC and OpenCV in code:
On Windows, OpenCV is your best bet.
On full Linux systems, you can possibly use OpenCV, though there have been some problems on standard Ubuntu distributions.
Alternatively, you can use the program
streamer which can then be used in code:
sudo apt-get install streamer
streamer -c /dev/video0 -b 16 -o output.jpg
Did You Know
The UVC standard outlines more than just picture taking - it can control pan, tilt, resolution, etc depending on the functionality for your camera. This is how the Phidget SBC controls what resolution is displayed on its Web Interface.
If you want to play with these advanced features, and you own an SBC, you can look at the scripts in
/var/www/ on the SBC.