Solid State Relay Primer

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Introduction

Solid state relays (SSRs) are devices that can be used to control the power being supplied to other devices. They are turned on by applying a DC signal to the input contacts.

Functionally, they are the same as Mechanical Relays, but have the following advantages:

  • SSRs produce less electromagnetic interference during operation, as opposed to mechanical relays whose internal contacts tend to spark when switching.
  • While the switch contacts of a mechanical relay will eventually wear down from sparking, an SSR will have a longer life because its internals are purely digital.
  • SSRs exhibit faster response times than mechanical relays (≈1ms compared to ≈10ms).
  • SSRs are less susceptible to electric shock and physical vibrations than mechanical relays.

Of course, since SSRs are more complex, they are more expensive to produce and will dissipate more energy (1-2% of the energy intended to power the load).

Principle of Operation

Noise Protection

Safety