Language - Swift macOS Xcode

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Swift Environments
OS - macOS macOS Xcode (MacOS)
OS - iOS iOS Xcode (iOS)

Language - Swift

macOS with Swift

Welcome to using Phidgets with Swift! By using Swift, you will have access to the complete Phidget22 API, including events.

Xcode is an integrated development environment for macOS. It is commonly used as a tool for developing software for macOS and iOS applications.

Install Phidget Drivers for macOS

Before getting started with the guides below, ensure you have the following components installed on your machine:

  1. You will need the Phidgets macOS Drivers

Use Our Examples

One of the best ways to start programming with Phidgets is to use our example code as a guide. In order to run the examples for macOS you will need to download Xcode from the Mac App Store.


You will also need to install CocoaPods in order to access the Phidget libraries for Swift. You can do this by opening the terminal and entering the following command:

sudo gem install cocoapods
Swift cocoapods install.png


Now that you have Xcode and CocoaPods installed, download a Swift example that will work with your Phidget:


After opening the example, you will notice that there is a file called Podfile

Swift example folder.png


If you open this file, you can see that there is a reference to the Phidget22Swift pod. Note that no version number is included, so the newest available version of the Phidget22Swift pod will be installed:

Swift podfile.png


To install the Phidget libraries, open a terminal at the example location and enter the following command:

pod install
Swift pod install.png


After the libraries are installed, open the generated .xcworkspace file:

Swift open workspace.png


Next, simply press run:

Macos swift run.png


Here is an example output:

Macos swift output.png

You should now have the example up and running for your device. Your next step is to look at the Editing the Examples section below for information about the example and important concepts for programming Phidgets. This would be a good time to play around with the device and experiment with some of its functionality.

Write Code

By following the instructions for your operating system and compiler above, you now have working examples and a project that is configured. This teaching section will help you understand how the examples were written so you can start writing your own code.


Remember: your main reference for writing Swift code will be the Phidget22 API Manual and the example code.

Step One: Create and Address

You will need to create your Phidget object in your code. For example, we can create a digital input object like this:

let ch = DigitalInput()

Next, we can address which Phidget we want to connect to by setting parameters such as DeviceSerialNumber.

ch.setDeviceSerialNumber(496911);

Although we are not including it on this page, you should handle the return codes of all Phidget functions. Here is an example of the previous code with error handling:

do{
  try ch.open
}catch let error as PhidgetError{
  //handle error
}

Step Two: Open and Wait for Attachment

After we have specified which Phidget to connect to, we can open the Phidget object like this:

ch.open(timeout: 5000)

To use a Phidget, it must be plugged in (attached). We can handle this by calling open(timeout), which will block indefinitely until a connection is made, or until the timeout value is exceeded. Simply calling open() does not guarantee you can use the Phidget immediately.

Alternately, you could verify the device is attached by using event driven programming and tracking the attach events.

To use events to handle attachments, we have to modify our code slightly:

PhidgetDigitalInputHandle ch;
PhidgetDigitalInput_create(&ch);

ch.attach.addHandler(attach_handler)
Phidget_open(ch)

Next, we have to declare the function that will be called when an attach event is fired - in this case the function onAttachHandler will be called:

func attach_handler(sender: Phidget){
  let attachedDevice = sender as! DigitalInput
  //configure device here
}

We recommend using this attach handler to set any initialization parameters for the channel such as DataInterval and ChangeTrigger from within the AttachHandler, so the parameters are set as soon as the device becomes available.

Step Three: Do Things with the Phidget

We recommend the use of event driven programming when working with Phidgets. In a similar way to handling an attach event as described above, we can also add an event handler for a state change event:

ch.attach.addHandler(attach_handler)
ch.stateChange.addhandler(stateChange_handler)
ch.open()

This code will connect a function to an event. In this case, the onStateChangeHandler function will be called when there has been a change to the channel's input. Next, we need to create the onStateChangeHandler function:

func stateChange_handler(sender: DigitalInput, state: Bool){
  if(state){
    //state is true
  }
  else{
    //State is false
  }
}

If you are using multiple Phidgets in your program, check out our page on Using Multiple Phidgets for information on how to properly address them and use them in events.

If events do not suit your needs, you can also poll the device directly for data using code like this:

var state = ch.getState()
stateLabel.text = state ? "True" : "False"

Important Note: There will be a period of time between the attachment of a Phidget sensor and the availability of the first data from the device. Any attempts to get this data before it is ready will result in an error code, and a specific nonsensical result. See more information on this on our page for Unknown Values.

Enumerations

Some Phidget devices have functions that deal with specific predefined values called enumerations. Enumerations commonly provide readable names to a set of numbered options.

Enumerations with Phidgets in Swift will take the form of Phidget22Swift.EnumerationType.enumerationName.

For example, specifying a SensorType to use the 1142 for a voltage input would look like:

Phidget22Swift.VoltageSensorType.PN_1142

and specifying a K-Type thermocouple for a temperature sensor would be:

Phidget22Swift.ThermocoupleType.K

The Phidget error code for timing out could be specified as:

Phidget22Swift.ErrorCode.timeout

You can find the Enumeration Type under the Enumerations section of the Phidget22 API for your device, and the Enumeration Name in the drop-down list within.

Step Four: Close

At the end of your program, be sure to close your device:

ch.close()

Setting up a New Project

Whether you are building a project from scratch, or adding Phidget functionality to an existing project, you will need to configure your development environment to properly link the Phidget libraries. To begin:


Create a new Xcode project:

Cocoa CreateProject.png


Next, select a macOS application:

Cocoa Application.png


Name the project, select Swift as the language, and continue:

IOS NameProject Swift.png


Now that your project is created, you need to add the Phidget libraries. In order to do this, you must have CocoaPods installed on your computer (this is covered in detail above in the use our examples section). Open a terminal at the example location and enter the following command:

pod init
Swift pod init.png


This will create a new Podfile. Open the Podfile in your favorite text editor and add a reference to the Phidget22Swift pod:

Swift folder podfile.png


Swift podfile edit.png


Save your edit to the Podfile, and then enter the following command in the terminal which was opened at the example location:

pod install
Swift pod install example.png


After running the command, open the xcworkspace file and access the Phidget libraries by adding the following line to the top of your files:

import Phidget22Swift


Success! The project now has access to Phidgets and we are ready to begin coding. Jump ahead to the Write Code section.

Further Reading

Phidget Programming Basics - Here you can find the basic concepts to help you get started with making your own programs that use Phidgets.

Data Interval/Change Trigger - Learn about these two properties that control how much data comes in from your sensors.

Using Multiple Phidgets - It can be difficult to figure out how to use more than one Phidget in your program. This page will guide you through the steps.

Polling vs. Events - Your program can gather data in either a polling-driven or event-driven manner. Learn the difference to determine which is best for your application.

Logging, Exceptions, and Errors - Learn about all the tools you can use to debug your program.

Phidget Network Server - Phidgets can be controlled and communicated with over your network- either wirelessly or over ethernet.