Since Phidgets all plug into a computer via USB, you must use a computer that
1) Runs a supported operating system (Windows, OSX, Linux, WinCE, iOS, Android)
2) Has a USB host controller and USB ports
Arduino has neither of these out of the box, so you wouldn't be able to use it with something like the 1046. Something like the Raspberry Pi has both of these, so it would be able to run Phidgets.